Murder Anna Permanyer

Murder of Psychologist Anna Permanyer: Forced to Sign the Handover of her Apartment

Prof. Francisco Viñals
Universitat Autónoma Barcelona, Spain

Prof. Mariluz Puente Balsells
Universitat Autónoma Barcelona, Spain

DOI: 10.61246/ihs2/fvmpb071086

In Chernov, Y., & Nauer, M. A. (Eds.). (2023). Handwriting Research: Forensics & Legal. P. 71-86.

Although there have been many cases, especially in Civil law, which recognize grapho-psycological results in holographic testimonials (doubt over the grantor’s capacity), incompatibility or problematic personalities in matrimonial cohabitation, and in considerations for the guardianship and custody of children in cases of separation and divorce, etc. The presented case is a historical event. For the first time, a Court annulled a contract on considering as an unarguable fact that the signature of the owner was obtained by force and under duress, giving maximum demonstrative value to the grapho-analytical result. It was possible to demonstrate the state of distress of the signatory, which contrasted extraordinarily with the usual writing and signatures of the victim Anna Permanyer, with a predominate mood and characterological combination of SL/PN(AT). The chronological study offered a stable evolutionary curve with the predominance of regularity, self-control, constancy, empathy, adaptation, and sociability typical of cylindrical, firm-soft, curvilinear, and constant writing which surprisingly contrasted with the constrictive and inhibited imbalance of the signatures in question (some placed in areas which did not correspond and missing the signatures from the last three pages). In addition, strange elements appeared in some of the signatures in question, especially brusque changes or turn that changed the direction with angles, stop pressure, and other alterations of an outside force, which exerted not only psychic but also physical pressure on the victim in a coercive manner.

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